Man on Earth - Theosophy and the Fossil Record, by George McNamara,

Appendix 1 - What Science States. To start, I will summarise the geological ages mentioned (with modern dating; mya = million years ago)

Era or period Epoch Summary of milestones
     
Quaternary Holocene (9,000BC to now) modern man appears
1.8 mya to now Pleistocene (1.8mya to 9,000BC) Neanderthals appear and disappear
    Homo erectus and H. sapiens
     
Tertiary Pliocene (5 to 1.8mya) ape-like creatures appear
65 to 1.8 mya Miocene (23 to 5mya) grazing horses and antelopes appear
  Oligocene (38 to 23mya) birds and most mammals have radiated
  Eocene (54 to 37mya) grasses appear, primates, cats, camels, dogs
  Paleocene (65 to 54mya) flowering plants and first mammals appear
     
Mesozoic Cretaceous (146 to 65mya) extinction of dinosaurs, placentals appear
245 to 65mya Jurassic (208 to 146mya) birds, crabs, frogs appear
  Triassic (245 to 208mya) crocodiles, seed plants appear, extinctions.
     
Paleozoic (544 to 245mya)   fish, reptiles, conifers, etc, develop
Proterozoic (2500 to 544mya)   soft-bodied (sea) creatures
Archaean (3800 to 2500mya)   first simple creatures and photosynthesis
Hadean (4500 to 3800mya)   very hostile environment
     
about 4500 million years ago   formation of the earth

This summarises very briefly the scientific view. The main cornerstone of the scientific view is evolution, and central to that is Darwinism - one element of that is the belief that there is a "missing link", that mankind and the apes have a common ancestor, and that over time, both man and apes have evolved from the same parent.

Theosophy disagrees entirely with this.

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